Initiatives, Policies and Schemes
- Skilling India – The creation of Ministry of Skill Development
Skill development and entrepreneurship efforts across the country have been highly fragmented so far. Recognizing the need and urgency of quickly coordinating the efforts of all concerned stakeholders, to achieve its vision of a ‘Skilled India’ the Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship was created on 31st July, 2014 which was later made into a full fledged Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on 9th Nov, 2014.
National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) and 33 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) were brought under the Ministry of Skill Development. The thrust of the Ministry is the co-ordination of all skill development efforts across the country, removal of disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower, building of new skills and skill upgradation, and encouraging entrepreneurship. Overall approximately 58,72,800 people were trained by Central Ministries/Departments in the financial year 2014-15.
To create further convergence between the Vocational Training system through ITIs and the new Skill Initiatives of the government, two vertical from Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGET) – DDG (Training) and DDG (Apprenticeship Training) have been transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship on 16th April, 2015.
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
PMKVY is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of the new Ministry and has been approved by the Cabinet on 20th March 2015. The program aims at skill certification and reward to enable and mobilize a large number of youth for outcome based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. Under the scheme, monetary reward would be provided to trainees who are successfully trained, assessed and certified in skill courses run by affiliated training providers.
Outcomes: The scheme has an outlay of Rs 1500 crores and targets to reach out to 24 lakh candidates (14 lakh fresh training, 10 lakh Recognition of Peior Learning-RPL) in its first year of implementation. It will target school drop outs, women and disadvantaged sections of the society. It will also be focussing on the difficult areas like districts affected with LWE and North East.
Progress: The first meeting of the Steering Committee was held on 28.04.2015 under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. It was decided that National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) will be the implementing agency. A Sub-Committee has been formed under chairmanship of CEO, NSDC responsible for day to day implementation of the scheme.
- Capacity Building of Private Training Providers and Involvement of Industry
In order to enhance private sector participation in the Skilling, NSDC has been working to enhance capacity of private training providers through provision of loan, grant and equity funding.
Progress: By end of March 2015, the NSDC Board had approved 203 skilling proposals and 37 Sector Skill Councils with total financial commitment of over INR 2500 cr. In the last year, for the important sectors of Green Jobs, Persons with Disabilities etc, Sector skill councils were approved for focussed industry led approach in skilling in these sectors.
Outcome: NSDC has developed a wide network for skilling with 207 NSDC approved training partners, 2,904 operational NSDC partner centres, including 676 mobile centres with coverage across 28 states and 5 UTs in 471 districts across India. In the last year, the NSDC ecosystem had trained 24,12,862 people in skill training programmes.
- Strengthening Standards & Quality Assurance
The NSQF is a competency-based framework that organizes all qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude. NSQF in India was notified on 27th December 2013. National Occupational Standards (NOS) describe best practices by bringing together performance criteria, knowledge and skills pertaining to a job role. A set of NOSs related to a specific job role is called Qualification Pack (QP).
Progress and Outcome: The process of alignment of NVEQF (National Vocational Educational Qualification Framework) and (NCVT) to the NSQF has been initiated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Labour and Employment. The actual roll-out of NSQF was initiated and three qualifications of National Council for Vocational Training, four of the plumbing sector, and six of the Capital Good Sector were approved by National Skills Qualifications Committee for inclusion in the Qualifications Register. As on date across 28 Sectors, standards for 1319 Job Roles pegged at NSQF levels 1 to 8 have been defined by the Sector Skill Councils. As on date, 14 SSCs have covered development of 80% of entry level workforce QPs.
- Multi Skill Institute Scheme
Progress: An Approach Paper on the proposed Multi Skill Institutes in Public Private Partnership mode (PPP) has been prepared after extensive stakeholder consultations. This included a workshop held on 9th Feb, 2015 with training providers, industry representatives, State Government representatives and donor agencies. A detailed list of inputs received were incorporated into the Approach Paper and efforts to develop a model for a National Skill University were initiated.
- National Skill Universities
Progress: The Ministry has initiated the process of establishment of National Skills Universities. The Universities are envisioned to provide nationally recognised University degrees and certification for vocational skills, design and conduct assessment procedures, design vocational curriculum (with SSCs) customised to providing horizontal academic mobility, offer faculty training courses and conduct research in the skills landscape. A Working Group convened by JS, SDE has been created as of 31st Mar, 2015 for developing an appropriate University model, providing broad recommendations and drafting the legislation for the National Skills University. The draft Bill on establishment of National Skills Universities, its Approach Paper and the Report of the Working Group have been prepared and are currently undergoing internal review before being sent to the Cabinet.
Udaan scheme is targeted at helping the ambitious and progressive youth of Jammu and Kashmir who are seeking global and local opportunities that the state may not be in a position to offer currently. It aims to make employable 40,000 youth of J&K over a 5 year period in key high growth sectors. The programme is targeted at providing well-paying jobs to the trained manpower.
Outcome: 327 Selection drives were conducted in FY 14-15 and 4,903 youth have joined Udaan training programs in the financial year. As of 31st March 2015, the scheme has 74 corporates who have partnered with Udaan and placement offers were made to 3,133 candidates.
- National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015
Progress: The draft has been prepared after several meetings of the Working Committee and internal consultation on the first and second draft of the Policy. Meetings within the Ministry have focussed on ensuring that all aspects of the 2009 Policy have been accounted for and revised as required.
- State engagement
Progress: Ministry will be holding a National Consultation Workshop in early May 2015 to discuss convergence of skill development efforts with the States facilitating platform for the Ministry and States to align their expectations and coordinate efforts in the skill development and entrepreneurship space. Meanwhile, a Scheme for the States is also under consideration. NSDC has signed MoUs with several states for collaboration in skill development including West Bengal, Kerala, Punjab, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkand etc
- Strategic partnerships with Sectoral Ministries/Departments
Outcome: National Action Plan (NAP) on skilling PwDs launched on 21st March 2015 and Strategic MOU was signed between Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MDSE) & Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment (MSJE) for creating skilling opportunities for Differently Abled.
Progress: Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has framed the Common Norms for Skill Development Schemes implemented by Government of India. The approval of the competent authority is underway.
Initial meetings have been held with Ministry of Defense, Overseas Indian Affairs, Railways, Road Transport and Highways, Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and the concerned Ministries will sign an MoU and develop a National Action Plan to enhance links for cooperation in various activities related to skill development.
- Deepening Global Engagement
Outcomes: The Ministry has entered into agreements with several countries such as UK, USA, Asutralia, France, Germany, Canada with the purpose of technology transfer in vocational training, training of trainers, setting up of centres of excellence, international mobility through mapping of job roles and development of transnational standards.
- Fostering Engagement with Corporate Sector
Outcomes: MoUs between National Skill Development Corporation, National Skill Development Fund and PowerGrid was signed for CSR contribution to provide skill training. A similar MoU is about to be signed with NTPC. Collaborations with other PSUs and private sector companies have been initiated.
- Consolidation of Skill Gap studies
Outcomes: Sector skill gap studies have been completed for 24 sectors. The objective of these skill gap reports is to understand the sectoral and geographical spread of skill requirements that exist. They were launched on 9th April by Hon’ble MoS.