As per 2011 Census, the urban population in the country was about 37 crore accounting for 31% of total population. As per the latest estimates, about 5.80 crore urban population are poor. The Government of India is keen to improve the quality of life in urban areas besides helping the urban poor with enhanced employment and livelihood opportunities and housing etc., as a part of concerted inclusive urban development initiatives.
The Government of India has underlined the need to convert the growing urbanization into an opportunity for economic growth by endeavoring to enhance the quality of life in urban areas through ensuring necessary social, physical, economic and institutional infrastructure and to make urban areas as catalysts of economic activity so that all the sections can meet their aspirations in urban settings.
Making States, Union Territories and Urban Local Bodies partners in conceptualizing and implementing the new initiatives has been the cornerstone of the approach of the Government in the context of the learnings of implementation of Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission that was launched in 2005 and implemented till March, 2014 when it was wound up by the previous government.
- Review of existing laws
(i) The Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971 has been amended to extend the provisions of the Act to entities like New Delhi Municipal Council,Delhi Metro Rail Corporation and Municipal Corporations of Delhi to facilitate eviction of unauthorized occupants.
(ii) The National Capital Territory of Delhi (Special Laws) Second Act, 2011 amended to extend protection to certain unauthorised construction beyond December, 2014 till December, 2017 during when necessary measures will be taken for orderly development of such constructions.
(iii) Union Cabinet has accorded fresh approval for repealing the Delhi Hotel (Control of Accommodation) Act, 1949 which was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 18.2.2014. On repeal of the Act, there would be no obligation on the hotel owners to reserve accommodation on the order of the Government.
(iv) Delhi Apartment Ownership Act, 1986 will be replaced by a new Act for which a new Bill will be introduced in Parliament.
The proposed Act seeks to make applicable its provisions to properties beyond DDA built apartments, apartments on DDA plots and Cooperative Housing Societies that can be converted into freehold and thereby allow inheritability, transferability etc. It will benefit residents of Delhi.
- Adoption of National Declaration on Housing for All by 2022 and Urban Governance
A National Declaration on Housing for All by 2022 and Urban Governance has been adopted at a Conclave of concerned Ministers from the States and Administrators of UTs held in July, 2014.
Under the Declaration, States / UTs agreed to implement a set of 25-urban governance reforms, including empowering of urban local bodies to enable better urban governance that is an essential pre-requisite for effective urban planning and development. This declaration and consensus on urban reforms is the first of its kind in the country.
- Extensive Stakeholder consultations on Smart Cities and other initiatives.
Extensive stakeholder consultations were organized throughout the year to sensitize states and urban local bodies to the policy and implementation issues relating to new initiatives like building 100 smart cities, New Urban Rejuvenation Mission for 500 cities, Swachh Bharat Mission, Heritage Augmentation and Development Yojana (HRIDAY) etc.
The consultations focused on the learnings of implementation of Jawaharlal Nehru Urban
Renewal Mission (JNNURM) during 2005-14..
- Smart Cities initiative
Union Cabinet in April, 2015 approved Smart Cities Mission for building 100 smart cities with the objective of enhancing the quality of life in urban areas by ensuring core infrastructure services besides enabling urban areas emerge as effective drivers of economic growth through adoption of smart solutions and inclusive urban planning. An outlay of Rs.48,000 cr has been approved for the five year period i.e 2015-16 – 2019-20. Each selected smart city aspirant will be provided central assistance of Rs.100 cr per Year.
US Trade Development Agency (USTDA) signed MoU with the Governments of UP, Rajasthan and AP for assisting in making the cities of Allahabad, Ajmer and Visakhapatnam into smart cities.
14 countries expressed interest in building smart cities. These include: US, Japan, China, Singapore, Germany, France, Netherlands, Sweden, Israel, Turkey, Australia.
By seeking to recast the urban landscape, this Mission helps the urban poor by providing access to urban spaces and through enhanced job opportunities from augmented economic activities in urban areas.
- Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation of 500 Cities
This Scheme envisages provision of basic infrastructure facilities pertaining to water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid Waste Management, Transport etc in cities with population of one lakh and above.
Union Cabinet approved AMRUT in April, 2015 with an outlay of Rs.50,000 cr for five Years i.e 2015-16 – 2019-20. AMRUT also helps urban poor in the form of increased urban infrastructure.
- Swacch Bharat Mission
Launched on October 2,2014 with the objective of ensuring cleanliness and open defecation free urban areas in all the 4,041 statutory cities in the country by 2019. Estimated cost is Rs.66,009 cr out of which centre’s share is Rs.14,643 cr
Physical targets: Construction of 1.04 cr household toilets, 2.52 lakh community toilet seats and 2.54 lakh public toilet seats and assisting30 cr urban population with solid waste management practices.
During 2014-15, about Rs.800 cr has been released to 28 states/UTs.
Over 2 lakh household toilets have been built besides 1200 community toilet seats during the year. 390 cities have reported 100% collection and transportation of municipal solid waste.
Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) were issued by the Ministry to ensure cleanliness during after public gatherings/meetings in urban areas by mandating the organisers with the responsibility of ensuring cleanliness and providing public conveniences and empowering urban local bodies/concerned agencies to do so availing the Security Deposit to be made by organisers in case of default by organisers.
SBM primarily helps urban poor through improved sanitation since poor are the worst suffers from poor hygiene.
- Heritage Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
Launched on January 21, 2015 for integrating heritage conservation, urban planning and economic growth
To be implemented in 12 identified cities : Amritsar, Ajmer, Amaravati (AP), Badami, Dwaraka(Gujarat),Gaya, Mathura, Puri, Kanchipuram and Vellankini(Tamil Nadu), Varanasi and Warangal(Telangana)
To be implemented in 27 months with an outlay of Rs.500 cr
Funds released to all the 12 cities during 2014-15.
- Delhi specific initiatives
An inter-ministerial and inter-governmental High Powered Committee has prepared an Action Plan for decongestion of Delhi
Union Cabinet has extended the cut-off date for regularization of unauthorized colonies from 31.3.2012 to June 1, 2014 that is estimated to benefit about 60 lakh people
Ministry of Urban Development approved extension of expired leases and their conversion into freehold of properties in 23 Nazul Estates like Karol Bagh, Paharganj, Daryaganj etc
Ministry also approved granting of freehold rights in respect of lands in 5 Chullah Tax villages viz., Nangli Razapur, Todapur, Dasghara, Jhilmil Tahirpu and Arakpur Bagh Mandi
Floor Area Ratio (FAR) increased from 120 to 200 in respect of plot sizes of 750 sq.mt and above.
Ground Coverage has been increased from 40% to 50% for plots of 1000 sq.mt and above
DDA alloted25,034 flats under different categories.
Delhi Building Bye-laws are under advanced stage of rationalization and notification to enable timely and hassle free approvals.
It has been decided that DDA will undertake several projects to decongest identified critical roads, provide land for public utilities like landfills, working women hostel, office for South Delhi Municipal Corporation, burial ground for animals, besides developing five world class integrated passenger terminals, developing Dwarka Sub-city as the country’s first cycle city, amend building by-laws to make them citizen friendly, augmenting water supply to Dwarka, creating public spaces for recreation.
- Urban Transport
Metro Rail Project for Nagpur approved in April 2014 and for Ahmedabad in October, 2014
In-principle approval accorded in November, 2014 for Monorail project on PPP basis between Poonamalle and Kathipura with a link from Porurl to Vadapalani in Tamil Nadu
Rs.884.12 cr released during 2014-15 for procurement of 7,509 buses for different cities.
- Ensuring punctuality and cleanliness
Punctuality of employees is being regularly monitored by designated officers to enable delivery of services and other entitlements to general public and other stakeholders in time.
Special emphasis is being laid on ensuring cleanliness in office premises and surroundings.