National Mission on Clean Ganga
Stakeholders Conference on policy issues including Irrigation Ministers Conference
A three day Conference on “Jal Manthan” was organized from 20-22 November, 2014 in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The deliberations include discussions on improvement of the three flagship schemes being implemented by this Ministry viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies and Flood Management Programme (FMP). New proposals, such as, Incentivizing States for Water Sector Reforms, India Water Resources Information System (India WRIS) and Hydrology Project III. The second day of the Conference deliberated on various aspects of interlinking of Rivers. On the third day, deliberations were held on broader issues of water conservation and management with civil societies, nongovernmental organizations and water user communities. The focus was on water security; Humane face to water resources projects; farm water management and Rejuvenation of water bodies.
Conservation of the River Ganga, Yamuna & other tributaries Ø Pollution abatement- Treatment plans for both domestic & industrial wastewater. Ø In-situ treatment of drains Ø Rural sanitation in the urban & rural areas in the Ganga river basin. Ø Afforestation in the river basin. Ø Aquatic life conservation. Ø Environmental Flow Ø River Water quality Ø Communication & public participation. Ø Ganga Knowledge Centre.
National level stakeholder dialogue- Ganga Manthan held in July 2014. ü Periodic meeting with industrial associations & representatives. ü Clean Ganga Fund set up to encourage public participation & contribution. ü Strategic communication plan developed in association with John Hopkins University. ü Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission – “Namai Ganage” with a budget support of Rs. 2037 Cr & Rs.100 Cr for Ghat development in 2014-15. ü Identification of 764 Grossly polluting industries through pollution assessment and inventorization Scheme(PAIS). ü Time bound action plan for online continuous monitoring system by 31st March 2015. ü Strategies to adopt Zero Liquid Discharge for selected industries. ü Ganga Knowledge Centre has been set up at NMCG. Ganga Knowledge Portal being established. ü Consortium of 7 IITs engaged in the preparation of Ganga river Basin Management Plan. 36 Thematic reports submitted. ü 76 Projects approved at the cost of Rs. 4974.79 for creating treatment capacity of 678.23 MLD & Sewer network of 2546 Kms. ü Treatment capacity of 123 MLD & 572 Kms of sewer net work has been created at the expenditure of Rs.1000.07 Cr.
Way forward: ü GIS mapping of the basin planned. ü Survey & threat assessment of Gangetic river Dolphin. ü Creation of STPs in 118 towns ü Real time effluent monitoring for Grossly polluting industries. ü Real time water quality monitoring. ü Revival of bio sanctuaries. ü Afforestation of native & medicinal plants. ü Ganga Task force & Ganga Vahini. ü Common Effluent treatment plant at Kanpur. ü Ground water recharge & water conservation efforts. ü Conservation of wet lands & flood plains. ü Research on special properties of Ganga water. ü 26 River Front Development (RFD) projects covering 223 small ghats with special focus on pollution abetment.
Achievements Collaboration / bilateral agreement / cooperation with other countries in the field of water resources including signing of memorandum of understanding, capacity building and training. Matters relating to participation of Indian delegation in International conferences, workshops and trainings in India and aboard on issues concerning water sector.
- 15 ongoing externally funded projects being implemented in different States with the assistance of World Bank, Asian Development Bank and Japan International Cooperation agency. · 11 MOUs with other countries (Australia, Rwanda, Cambodia, Iran, Iraq, Fiji, China & Bahrain) on bilateral cooperation on water sector.
- INDUS WATERS TREATY MATTERS
- Tours of Indus basin to ascertain developments/ facts. II. Meeting at least once a year, also when either Commissioner requests. III. Supply of daily river flow data every month (India-280 sites; Pak.–345) IV. Supply of annual Tehsil wise Irrigated Crop Area – on Western Rivers by India V. Supply of information of every new HEP/ storage project to Pak. VI. Examine and reply Pakistan’s objections VII. Advance flood messages to Pak. during monsoon (July 1st to Oct 10th ) 2. INTERSTATE ISSUES RELATED TO INDUS BASIN
- To discuss Pakistan’s objections on various hydroelectric projects of India in Indus basin, the Commission held one meeting at Lahore during August 24-27, 2014. II. Two tours of Permanent Indus Commission to hydroelectric projects in Indus basin in India were held between 22nd to 28th May 2014 and 20th to 25th September, 2014. III. In fulfillment of the requirement of Indus Water treaty the daily G&D data of hydrological sites on six basins, The Indus, The Jhelum, The Chenab, The Ravi, The Beas and The Sutlej of Indus system being sent to Pakistan every month.
- IV. Irrigated Cropped Area statistics for the year 2013-2014 for the Indus was sent on 27 November 2014 as per provisions of the Treaty. V. Flood flow data for agreed sites on the river Ravi, Sutlej Tawi and Chenab was also communicated by India to Pakistan for their benefit through telephone during 1st July to 10th October, 2014 to undertake advance flood relief measures
1.5 Minor Irrigation (Stat)
Activities Achievements Conduct of 5th Minor Irrigation(MI) Census during the 12th Plan Period which involves the following activities: 1. Release of Central grant by the Centre. 2. Organizing the All India Training Workshop 3. Organizing the Regional Training Workshops 4. Printing of schedules and guidelines by States/UTs. 5. State/District Training programmes to be organised by States 6. Main fieldwork & scrutiny by States 7. Data Entry & validation by States 8. Submission of validated data to the Centre, validation by NIC and tabulation 9. Report drafting and Publication at the Central Level
- Conducted Six Regional Training workshops for 5th Minor Irrigation Census. 2. 14 States have already conducted State level workshops in which district level officials were imparted training. Field work is expected to take 6-7 months. Accordingly subsequent stages of work will also be taken up by the States/UTs in the next financial year. 3. Central Grants for 5th MI Census released to 21 States up to 30.11.2014
1.6 R&D Programme
Organization Name / Wing/ Activities Achievements Ministry spends through its funds on R & D Activities (a) Main R&D are carried out by CWPRS Three major sectors, viz. water resources, power, and coastal engineering selected for research.
- River Engineering
- River and Reservoir Systems Modelling
- Reservoir and Appurtenant Structures
- Coastal and Offshore Engineering.
- Foundation and Structures
- Applied Earth Sciences
- Instrumentation, Calibration and Testing Facilities.
On an average about 250 site specific studies are in progress at the research Stations. Previous studies include : River Engineering: Assessment of the flow conditions near proposed Sardar Patel Statute in River Narmada,Gujarat; Optimization of the flood protection measures for Chhounchh Khad, Himachal Pradesh; Assessing the maximum scour around bridge pier for proposed metro rail bridge across river Yamuna downstream of Okhla barrage, New Delhi. Reservoir and Reservoir Systems Modelling: Prediction of flood levels suggest suitable flood control measures, development of mathematical model code for flood forecasting with model operation to suit the real time flood warning operation.(e.g. Godavari & Kol Rivers) Reservoir & Appurtenant Structures: Measurement of hydrodynamic forces and pressures on stilling basin and spillway surface, for Siang Lower Dam Spillway (Arunachal Pradesh). Coastal & Offshore Engineering: Comprehensive hydraulic studies to evolve the layout and the design of cross sections of the breakwaters. Foundation & Structures: 3D FEM analysis for Garudeshwar weir, Thermal Analysis of Backing Concrete in Mullaperiyar Dam and Determination of geo-textile properties of geobags for Water Resources Department, Bihar. Applied Earth Sciences: Estimation of site-specific design earthquake ground motions for Lower ORR Dam (Madhya Pradesh), Dagmara (Bihar), Teesta Intermediate and Low Dam I and II Combined (West Bengal) and Katni (Madhya Pradesh). Instrumentation, Calibration and Testing Facilities: “Hydrographic Survey of Bakareshwar Reservoir, Birbhum, West Bengal using Integrated Bathymetry System”, “Performance Tests on 3 Units of 35 MW Francis Turbine of Loktak Hydro Electric Projects, Manipur” and “Analysis for Water Hammer Control Device on rising main of Satrapur Lift Irrigation Scheme, Maharashtra”. Calibration of around 983 different types of current meters was carried out for discharge measurements by organizations like Central Water Commission (CWC).
- b) Central Soil and Material research station, (CSMRS), New Delhi
Major activities of the CSMRS are as follows: (i) Investigation & Consultancy (ii) Research (iii) Dissemination of Information (iv) Training
Projects taken up for investigations during 2009-14= 168 No Project Reports prepared during 2009-14 =370 No Technical Examination of Detailed Project Reports (DPR) = 109 No Publication of Research Papers during 2009-14=200 No Self sponsored research reports prepared during 2009-14 =8 No Publication of Monographs during 2009-14= 6 No Seminars/Workshops/Conferences/Training Conducted= 54
(c) National Institute of Hydrology (NIH), Roorkee
Major activities of NIH are as follows:
(i) Research and Development
(ii) International Collaborative Research
(iii) National Collaborative Research
(iv) Software Development
(v) Web Based Software and Information System
- Regional flood formulae for small catchments
- Operation of multi-purpose and multi-reservoir systemsRiver Bank Filtration Processes and its technique
- Skimming well technology for pumping in fresh-saline aquifers
- Dam break flood analysis for some of the major dams in India
- Groundwater recharge and irrigation return flow
- Coastal aquifer development and management
- Managed aquifer recharge for groundwater augmentation and recovery
- Natural treatment technique of water through bank filtration for sustainable water supply (Saph Pani)
- Integrated hydrological study for sustainable development of hilly watersheds in Lesser Himalayas
.· Standards development for the Bureau of Indian Standards
- Area drainage and hydrogeological studies for thermal/nuclear power plants
- Environmental flow study for hydro-electric projects
- Feasibility study of surface water and groundwater availability including identification of potential groundwater recharge sitesEvaluating the impact of forest rehabilitation strategies in parts of Karnataka (UNESCO)
- Isotopic Characteristics of selected Indian Rivers, (IAEA, Vienna, Austria under Co-ordinated Research Programme)
- Review of Groundwater Resources in the Indo-Gangetic Basin: A Case Study on Resilience of Groundwater in the Punjab to Withdrawal and Environmental Change (British Geological Survey, UK)
- Fresh-water saline-water interrelationships in the multi-aquifer system of the Krishna delta, coastal Andhra Pradesh, (World Bank Funded Hydrology Project – I) Hydrological and hydrogeological investigations to assess causes of seepage from the reservoir of Jaswant Sagar Dam in Jodhpur, Rajasthan (Water Resources Department, Government of Rajasthan)
- Exploration of feasibility of construction of Infiltration Gallery in the bed of River Yamuna at Agra. (Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam, Agra)
- Surface Water and Groundwater Interaction at Selected Locations along River Yamuna in NCT, Delhi. (Upper Yamuna River Board, Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India).
- Assessment of Groundwater Resources & Development Potential of Yamuna Flood Plain, NCT Delhi. (Delhi Jal Board, Government of Delhi).
- Stream flow modelling of Bhagirathi river: hydrograph separation approach using isotopic and geochemical techniques (Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Deptt of Atomic Energy, Govt of India
- Unit Hydrograph Applications for Flood Estimation Package (UHPACK)
- Flood Estimation of Large Catchments using Deterministic Approach Package (FLPACK)
- NIH_ReSyP : Software for Reservoir Analysis
- Learning Package for Hydrology
- Web Enabled Software for Computation of Evapotranspiration
(d) Central Water Commission (CWC)
- i) Application of remote sensing in the studies of reservoir sedimentation
(ii) Capacity survey of reservoirs and studies related to assessment of sedimentation of reservoirs
(iii) Morphological studies of rivers
(iv) Performance Evaluation Studies of completed irrigation projects
(v) Cumulative Impact Carrying Capacity (CI & CC) Studies of Subansri, Kameng and Dibang sub basins in Arunachal Pradesh.
110 studies 36 studies Morphological studies in respect of three rivers have been carried out so far. Performance evaluation of six irrigation projects namely Salandi irrigation project Orrisa, Bhimsagar irrigation project Rajasthan, Som-Komla-Amba irrigation project, Rajasthan, Jayakwadi irrigation project Maharastra, Giri irrigation project Himachal Pradesh, Krishnagiri irrigation project, Tamilnadu is under continuation. CI&CC Study of in respect of Subansri sub basin completed. Study in respect of Kameng and Dibang subbasins is in inception stage.
(e) R&D Division
Major activities: i. Sponsoring and coordinating Research in Water Sector ii. Dissemination of research findings iii. Evaluation of R&D activities & Consultancies
Research schemes pertaining to Surface Water and Ground Water are being implemented through Indian National Committee on Surface Water (INCSW) and Indian National Committee on Ground Water (INCGW) respectively. A total of 320 research schemes have so far been sanctioned out of which 222 schemes have been completed. Under this activity Financial support for organizing workshops / seminars is provided. During the year four proposals have been processed so far. Draft Final Report (DFR) of the Study has been submitted.
1.7 State Projects
1.8 To provide Central Assistance for timely completion of delayed Major & Medium Irrigation Projects, Modernization of Major, Medium Irrigation Projects through extension, renovation and modernization of irrigation projects, creation of new Surface Minor Irrigation Schemes in the country.
- Under Command Area Development & Water Management Centrally sponsored Scheme of MoWR, RD & Gr, fund is provided to State Government for carrying out ‘On Farm’ development activities for utilization of created irrigation potential of all such projects which are ongoing in the country.
- Under Repair, Renovation & Restoration of Water Bodies Schemes of MoWR, RD & GR, assistance being provided to States for restoring the Water Bodies gone into disuse.
So far, under Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme assistance of Rs. 66025.52 Crore released to State Governments. 143 Major, Medium Irrigation Projects 12449 No. of Surface Minor Schemes in the country through which irrigation potential of 72.46 lack ha through Major & Medium and 14.3997 lack ha. through SMI Schemes upto March, 2014 has been created so far.
Assistance of Rs. 5782 Crore has been released to State Governments and 20814 thousand ha. of irrigation potential has been utilized by State Governments. For improving/reclamation of water logged areas, 823 schemes have been sanctioned with estimated cost of Rs.195.39 crore and 70.741 thousand ha. has been reclaimed by the States under reclamation of water logged area component. Under the scheme of RRR of Water Bodies have been re-claimed so far at a total cost of Rs 1309.16 crores Apart from the above.
1.9 Peninsular Rivers
To supervise and coordinate the implementation of Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project with the following Activities: (a) Rehabilitation and improvement of about 223 large dams in four states (Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu) with World Bank funding. Some more States to join during project implementation phase. (b) Dam safety institution strengthening of party States and Central Water Commission (c) Project Management DRIP is a six year project. It has become effective from 18th April 2012. Central Water Commission has hired the services of an Engineering and Management Consultant for assisting Central Project Management Unit of DRIP.
Design flood reviews of 189 DRIP dams completed.
- Dam Safety Review Panels have inspected 182 DRIP dams.
- Project Screening Template in respect of 74 DRIP dams approved by World Bank.
- Works awarded for 26 tenders, while 14 more tenders invited and to be awarded shortly.
- Twenty five trainings conducted by the CPMU, wherein about 840 officials trained on different aspects of DRIP implementation.
- World Bank given their approval for Karnataka’s joining the DRIP project as new State for rehabilitation of their 27 dams.
- So far ten meetings of Technical Committee for DRIP have been held for guiding and expediting the pace of project implementation. World Bank has also completed five of its Review Missions, wherein road blocks as well as way forward in project implementation have been discussed.
Plan scheme “Farakka Barrage Project” covers operation & maintenance of Farakka Barrage Project (FBP) located on River Ganga in Murshidabad district of West Bengal. FBP is essential for protection of Kolkata Port by supplying sufficient water from the project through Farakka Barage, Feeder Canal and 38 Km feeder canal and Navigation Lock at Farakka are import part of largest National Water Way No-1 of India i.e. from Haldia to Allahabad. This project is instrumental in implementation of Ganga Water Sharing Treaty of 1996 with Bangladesh which is a land mark in maintaining friendly relations with the neighbouring countries.
International Cooperation with Bangladesh
(a) Monitoring of implementation of Ganga Water Treaty 1996.
(b) Bank Protection/embankment works on common border rivers between India and Bangladesh.
(c) Sharing of Waters of other common rivers.
FBP Plan Scheme has been approved by CCEA in June, 2013 for an amount of Rs.558 crores for XII Plan period. This scheme also consists of replacement of all the 123 Gates in phased manner. In the first phase, 6 gates have already been replaced. Similarly in the 2nd phase, work on replacement of 33 gates is under execution. Out of 33 gates, 17 gates are already replaced. Process for 3rd and last phase for replacement of remaining gates is also being initiated so that all the gates are replaced in time bound manner. The anti-erosion works for safety of barrage have been executed as per the recommendation of Technical Advisory Committee of FBP headed by Member (D&R), CWC.
As per the Ganga Water Treaty, 1996, monitoring its implementation is done by this wing and for this purpose, Joint Observation Teams are deputed every year at Harding Bridge in Bangladesh during the lean season i.e. 1st January to 31st May. In addition, inspection of sites and bi-lateral meetings of the joint committee are also held thrice in a year alternatively in both the countries and accordingly annual report is also finalized for submission to both the Governments. Bi-lateral Technical Level meetings are also held with Bangladesh for agreeing to the necessary bank protection /embankment works on common/border rivers and as per the decision necessary works are carried out by both the sides on annual basis. Discussions are continued for sharing of other common rivers between India and Bangladesh.
Ø Automatic Data Acquisition System installed at 445 stations. 3 Earth receiving stations at New Delhi, Jaipur and Burla have been set up. Ø 21 modelling centres equipped with state of art computer equipment for expeditious data analysis, forecast formulation and its speedy dissemination. Ø Further modernization and expansion of CWC’s network has been proposed in XII Plan.
River Management in Border Areas
Ø DPR for Panchehswar Multipurpose Project had been prepared and for mutual agreement on it as well as implementation of project. Pancheshwar Development Authority has been set up at Kathmandu. Ø Field investigations for Sapta Kosi High Dam have been undertaken jointly by India and Nepal.
Flood Management Programme
Ø In October, 2013 the Cabinet approved continuation of FMP in XII Plan with an 11 outlay of Rs. 10,000 crore. Ø During XII Plan, 97 new projects were approved and central assistance of Rs. 751.84 crore has been released towards ongoing and new works in XII Plan till 15.01.15. Ø So far, 252 projects have been completed which have been provided reasonable protection in 19.7 lakh hectore of flood affected area in the county.
Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project on Mahakali river (Sharda in India)
Field investigations for the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project had been completed by Joint Project Office (JPO-PI) in 2002 (except for some confirmatory tests) and draft DPRs prepared. But, mutually acceptable DPR of Pancheshwar Project could not be finalized due to differences on certain contentious issues. Ø In terms of Article 10 of the Mahakali Treaty signed in 1996, Pancheshwar Development Authority (PDA) for execution, operation and maintenance of Pancheshwar Project has been constituted. Ø DPRs and assessment of additional data requirement for finalising the DPR under progress.
SaptaKosi High Dam Project, Sun KosiStorage-cum-Diversion Scheme and Kamla and Bagmati Dam Projects
The field investigations and DPR preparation of Sapta Kosi High Dam Project, SunKosi Storage-cum-Diversion Scheme including feasibility study of Kamla Dam and prefeasibility of Bagmati Dam Projects are being carried out by JPO-SKSKI.
Indo-Nepal Bilateral Mechanism
There exists a well-established bilateral mechanism between India and Nepal to discuss issues related to development of water resources in the rivers common to India and Nepal for their mutual benefits. India-Nepal Joint Standing Technical Committee (JSTC) decides related technical issues.
Sharing of flood information in respect of the common rivers flowing from Nepal
Arrangements for sharing of flood information exists between India and Nepal since 1989 and hydro-meteorological data collected by Nepal is made available to India, which helps in formulation of flood forecasts and keeping watch on the flood situation in UP and Bihar. A Task Force has identified key stations in Nepal and assess requirement of modern equipments in order to have more effectiveness in data collection and transmission for flood forecasting on Indian side.
1.10 National Water Mission
Goal-I: Comprehensive water data base in public domain and assessment of the impact of climate change on water resources
- The nine project proposals from IITs/NITs/IISc/for undertaking Climate Change studies on downscaling Global Circulation Models (river basins wise) under consideration. · The Central Water Commission (CWC) launched India-Water Resources Information System (WRIS) in association with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC).The first set of water related data has been put in public domain IndiaWRIS portal (Version 3.0) in December 2012. The Version 4.0 has been initiated in March 2014, and now GIS based data is available in public domain at 1: 2,50,000 scale. · Revised master plan for artificial recharge of ground water placed in the public domain by CGWB. · Pilot study of basin wise water situation in collaboration with NRSC, for the basins Godavari and Brahmani-Baitarani completed.
Goal-II : Promotion of citizen and state actions for water conservation, augmentation and preservation.
A National Convention of Water User Associations (WUA) Presidents on Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) organised on 7th -8 th November, 2014 at New Delhi. · Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between National Institute Rural Development and Panchayat Raj and National Water Mission (NWM), signed in Dec. 2014 for training & capacity building of multiple Stakeholders and Panchayat Raj Institution in the area of water conservation.
- Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and National Water Mission (NWM signed in September, 2014 for undertaking activities related to promotion of citizen and state action for water conservation, augmentation and preservation
Goal –III : Focused attention to vulnerable areas including overexploited areas
Pilot aquifer mapping in six areas completed in 2014 by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB).
- Asian Development Bank (ADB) initiated the study “Operational Research to support mainstreaming of integrated flood management” with focus on non-structural measures. Work on Phase- II is in progress. Two basins, i.e, BuhriGandak in Bihar and Brahmani and Baitarni in Odisha selected for pilot study.
Goal-IV : Increasing water use efficiency by 20%
Enhancing Water Use Efficiency of home appliances in association with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
- To promote, regulate and control efficient use of water in irrigation, industrial and domestic sectors, it is proposed to set up a “National Bureau of Water Use Efficiency (NBWUE)”.
Goal-V : Promotion of basin level Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
Guidelines prepared For Improving Water Use Efficiency in Irrigation, Domestic & Industrial Sectors’ in November 2014.
- Preparation of State Specific Action Plans of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tripura and Uttarakhand has been initiated through WAPCOS, on a pilot basis.
- Central Water Commission :
Techno-economic appraisal of water resources projects
One of the important activities assigned to Central Water Commission is techno-economic appraisal of irrigation, flood control and multipurpose projects proposed by State Governments. During the year 2013-14, 40 major / multipurpose projects (23 new & 17 revised) have been appraised up to March,2014. Out of that, 8 major / multipurpose projects (5 new & 3 revised) have been accepted by the Advisory Committee of MoWR.
Monitoring of Major and Medium Irrigation Projects
A three tier system of monitoring of major/medium irrigation projects at Centre, State and Project level was introduced in 1975. At Central level, this work was entrusted to CWC. The main objective of monitoring is to ensure the achievement of physical and financial targets and achieve the targets of creation of irrigation potential. As per the present arrangement in CWC, Inter-State, Externally Assisted and Centrally aided projects are being monitored by monitoring units at Headquarters and other projects by respective field units. During 2013-14, a total of 47(18 Major and 29 Medium) projects under general monitoring and 147(81 Major, 49 Medium and 17 ERM) on-going projects under AIBP were also targeted for monitoring by CWC. In addition, 7 Interstate Major Projects, parts of which were also being monitored under AIBP by CWC field Units, were also targeted to be monitored from CWC (HQ). The CWC made monitoring visits to the projects in accordance with these targets.
|1||General Monitoring by Regional Offices||47||9|
|2||AIBP Monitoring by Regional Offices||147||108|
|3||Inter State Projects Monitoring by HQ||7||1|
Design and consultancy for water resources projects
Design and Research Wing of Central Water Commission plays a pivotal role in the field of design and consultancy for water resources projects, Technical Studies and Research & Development activities in the water resources sector. In addition to above, technical appraisal of Detailed Project Reports of water resources development projects prepared by different agencies is also carried out in this Wing. Design consultancy work in respect of 77 projects is being carried out in the design units of D&R Wing during the year 2013-2014
Flood Forecasting & Warning Services
About 6000 forecasts being issued every during Flood Season on 12 to 48 hours in advance. For the purpose of flood forecasting, hydrological and meteorological data being observed at 878 sites and communicated through a network of 544 wireless stations. Synoptic weather situations, weather forecast/heavy rainfall warnings etc. are also being collected from FMO’s of IMD. During the flood season 2014 (May to Oct.), 4772 flood forecasts (3884 level forecasts and 888 inflow forecasts) were issued out of which 4667 (97.80%) were found within accuracy limit of ± 0.15 m for level forecast and ± 20% for inflow forecast
Modernization of Flood Forecasting Services
During XI plan, 222 telemetry stations have been installed in different river basins. Moreover, 1 Earth Station at New Delh (UYD) and 10 Modelling Centres at Patna (MGD-V) in Bihar, Jalpaiguri (LBD) in West Bengal, Lucknow (MGD-I) and Varanasi (MGD-III) in Uttar Pradesh, Dehradun (HGD) in Uttarakhand, Gandhinagar (MD) and Surat (TD) in Gujarat, Bhusaval (UTSD) in Maharashtra, Shimla (SHD) in Himachal Pradesh and FFM Directorate in NCR, Delhi have been installed. The data reception from all the sites modernised is being monitored from FFM Directorate, CWC, New Delhi. To improve the flood forecast modelling, windows based MIKE-11 software were procured and supplied to modelling centres established under IX and X Plans. Development of MIKE-11 models for Flood Forecasting of Sankosh, Godavari, Brahmaputra and Yamuna Basins have been taken up. Regular training for working staff in the field are organised for working on MIKE-11 models.
Systematic Collection and Compilation of Hydrological Data
Through network of 954 hydrological observation stations in different river basins of the country data on (i) water level, (ii) discharge, (iii) water quality, (iv) silt and (v) selected meteorological parameters including snow observations are being collected . The data collected helps in planning and development of water resources projects, studies related to assessment of impacts due to climate change, water availability studies, design flood and sedimentation studies, flood forecasting, international & inter-state issues, river morphology studies, development of inland waterways, research related activities etc. During the Year 2013-14, hydro-meteorological data from all 954 sites has been observed. Water quality monitoring has been strengthened by providing sophisticated water quality analysis equipments in the laboratories. Also monitoring of glacial lakes/ water bodies in Himalayan region have been undertaken and model for snowmelt runoff forecasting has been developed with collaboration of NRSC, Hyderabad.
Development of Water Resources Information System (WRIS)
CWC & ISRO has jointly undertaken the work of development of web-enabled Water Resources Information System (WRIS) during 11th plan. The project comprises of 30 major GIS layers (viz. River network, basins, canal network, water bodies, hydro meterological network, administrative layers etc.) of the country at a scale of 1: 50000. The First full version of website of INDIA WRIS was launched on 07 Dec, 2010 in New Delhi by Hon’ ble Minister Water Resources. 2nd version INDIA WRIS was launched by Chairman, CWC on World Water Day i.e. 22nd March 2012. The development of Information System is under progress and in continuation of above, following achievements have been made till March 2014. i. River Basin Atlas of India was released by Hon’ble Minister of Water Resources on 01 Nov 2012. ii. The updated version i.e 3rd version (that includes live telemetry data in respect of CWC hydrological stations, Mobile Application version 1.0 for Android platform, Climate Trend analysis, 2D-3D linked view) was launched by Hon’ble Minister of Water Resources on 04 Dec. 2012. iii. All unclassified data of CWC G&D stations has been uploaded on WRIS website as per Hydro-meteorological data dissemination policy 2013. iv. The latest version has been launched in December, 2014. Few modules added and/or updated (Reservoir Module, Watershed info system, Advanced Report Generation, Basin Reports made downloadable)
Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP)
To supervise and coordinate the implementation of Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project(DRIP) with the following
Activities: (a) Rehabilitation and improvement of about 223 large dams in four states (Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu) with World Bank funding. Some more States to join during project implementation phase. (b) Dam safety institution strengthening of party States and Central Water Commission (c) Project Management DRIP is a six year project. It has become effective from 18th April 2012.
National Water Development Agency :
Established in 1982 as Autonomous Society
|A. Peninsular 1. Preparation of Water balance studies of basins/sub-basins||137 no. water balance studies of basins/sub-basins completed|
|2. Preparation of Water balance studies of diversion points||52 no. Water balance studies of diversion points completed|
|. Preparation of Toposheet and storage capacity studies of reservoir||58 no. Toposheet and storage capacity studies of reservoir completed|
|Preparation of Toposheet studies of link alignment||18 no. Toposheet studies of link alignment completed|
|Preparation of Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFR)||18 no. Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFR) completed|
|6. Preparation of Feasibility Report taken up since 1983. To carry out detailed survey and investigations of possible reservoir sites and inter-connecting links in order to establish feasibility of the proposal of Peninsular Rivers Development Components forming part of the National Perspective for Water Resources Development prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Water Resources, RD&GR) and Central Water Commission.||14 no. Feasibility Reports (FR) completed|
|7. Preparation of Detailed Project Report of link Projects taken up since November, 2006.||3 nos. DPR completed i.e. Ken-Betwa link (Phase-I) and Ken-Betwa link (PhaseII) & Damanganga – Pinjal link. Preparation of DPR of Par-Tapi-Narmada link under way.|
|8. Preparation of Water balance studies of diversion points||19 no. Water balance studies of diversion points completed|
|Preparation of Toposheet and storage capacity studies of reservoir||16 no. Toposheet and storage capacity studies of reservoir completed|
|Preparation of Toposheet studies of link alignment||19 no. Toposheet studies of link alignment completed|
|. Preparation of Prefeasibility reports (PFR)||14 no. Prefeasibility reports (PFR) completed|
|C. Intra-State link proposals received from State Governments|
|1. Preparation of Pre-Feasibility Report taken up since November, 2006||33 PFR completed|
|2. Preparation of Preliminary Project Report as asked by State Govt. of Bihar taken up since May, 2011.||2 no. PPR have been completed on the request of Bihar Govt.|
|3. Preparation of Detailed Project Report of link Projects taken up since May, 2011.||2 nos. DPRs i.e. Kosi-Mechi Project & Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga link project have been completed. 3 nos. of DPRs i.e. Ponnaiyar-Palar link of Tamilnadu, Wainganga – Nalganga of Maharashtra and Barakar-Damodar-Subernarekha link of Jharkhand are under progress.|
|The Special Committee for the Interlinking of Rivers has been constituted by the Ministry of WR, RD & GR vide Gazette notification dated 23.09.2014 under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Union Minister of WR, RD & GR and DG, NWDA as its Member Secretary.||The first meeting of the Special Committee was held on 17.10.2014.|
. Bansagar Control Board :
Started in 1976 as Subordinate office
Bansagar Control Board was set up vide Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Resolution No. 8/17/74-DW-II dated the 30th January, 1976 and amended vide Resolution 28th March 1978, in accordance with an agreement reached between the Governments of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar on the 16th September 1973 for sharing the waters of River Sone and the cost of the Bansagar Dam. Current Status The construction of Bansagar Dam started in 1978 and completed in year 2006. The reservoir was impounded in 2006 monsoon. On 25.09.2006, former Prime Minister Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee dedicated the Project to the nation. The hydro-power component of the project is owned by MP State Electricity Board and all the four power houses totalling 425 MW installed capacity is commissioned. The canal system of the project is being executed by respective State Govt. of MP, UP and Bihar. The status of canal system available with the Board is as under:- a) MP has created Irrigation Potential of 1.49 lakh ha up to 09/2013. Balance potential is targeted to be created by June 2015. b) Uttar Pradesh is taking partial water from Bansagar reservoir as their canal system is under construction.
- Brahmaputra Board :
Established as Autonomous statutory body in 1980
Major Activities and achievements
- Brahmaputra Board constituted in the year 1980 with the objective of planning and implementation of measures for control of floods and bank erosion in Brahmaputra and Barak Valley.
- Board completed 60 Master Plans of River Basins including Brahmaputra, Barak and Tributaries and Detailed Project Report of 7 Water Resources Projects.
- Government of India provides funds through Brahmaputra Board to implement State Sector Schemes for control of floods and erosion in Basin States from XI Five Year Plan.
- Central Soil and Materials Research Station :
Established as attached office
ON-GOING IMPORTANT ACTIVITY
- Geotechnical Investigations for Indira Sagar Polavaram Project, Dowliswaram, Andhra Pradesh (National Project)
The Indira Sagar Polavaram Project, Dowliswaram, Andhra Pradesh is a multipupose project across the River Godavari near Polavaram village about 42 km upstream of Sir Aurthur Cotton Barrage at Dowliswaram. The project envisages construction of a 52 m high earth and rockfill dam with a total length of 2310 m long and top width 12.5 m, 181.5 km long left canal and 174 km long right canals. Standard Penetration Test at the Dam Axis to evaluate the competency of foundation strata.
Farakka Barrage Project
· Improvement in Navigation System in National Waterway No. 1, operating between Haldia and Allahabad.
· Reduction in salinity of water and thus improvement in availability of potable water to Kolkata and surrounding areas.
· Surface communication link to NorthEastern Region of India with rest of country including Bhutan and Nepal through Rail cum Road bridge over Farakka Barrage.
· Release of water to Bangladesh as per Indo-BanglaTreaty-1996 for sharing of Ganga waters during lean periods.
· Protecting countryside dwellers, their land, public property including roads, bridges by checking the river erosionalong Ganga-Padma in districts Malda & Murshidabad.
|· Operation & Maintenance of Main Barrage a) 109 Gates on main Barrage b) 11 Gates on Head-Regulator c) 15 Gates of Jangipur Barrage d) Kalindri lock Gate / Regulator e) Protective measures of apron and river bed in u/s and d/s of Barrage|
· Phase wise replacement of all the gates of Farakka Barrage, remote control system, local control panels and other improvements in the various components of the operating system under taken for repair.
· Facilitating implementation of agreement on sharing of Ganga water between India and Bangladesh.
· Maintenance and protective measures of Feeder Canal (38.38 Km. in length), structures across Feeder Canal, Culverts, Inlets, Ferry Services, Inspection Road (both banks), Syphon, Buildings etc.
· Maintenance & protective measures of bank & bed of river Ganga in upstream of Farakka Barrage (upto 12 Km.) and in the d/s upto 6.9 Km. along-with its allied structures like marginal bundh, afflux bundh, inspection road, regulator , navigation locks, culverts, guide bund etc
Ganga Flood Control Commission, Patna :
|Preparation and updating of Comprehensive Plans for flood management of the various river systems in the Ganga Basin||Detailed Comprehensive Plans for all the 23 individual river systems of the Ganga basin prepared and made available to the State Governments for follow up action. Second updating of 5 Plans also completed.|
|Advising the states concerned to follow various guidelines||Compendium of guidelines/ specifications circulated to all States. Studies for assessment of adequacy of waterways under the road and rail bridges for determining additional waterways required for reducing drainage congestion to a reasonable limit, have been taken up. The study has been completed except Tidal river system and Ganga Main Stem upstream of Hardwar. These reports have been circulated to the Ganga Basin States and concerned departments of Central and State Governments including Ministry of Railways for follow up action|
|To monitor the progress of construction of embankments on Kamla, Bagmati and Lalbakeya rivers in Nepal being funded by Government of India||Last meeting of India-Nepal Joint Committee on Inundation and Flood Management (JCIFM) held at Kathmandu, Nepal in February 2014.|
|Appraisal and Monitoring of Schemes for bank protection on common/borders rivers with Bangladesh in West Bengal implemented with funding under the Plan Scheme – “River Management Activities and Works related to Border Areas”.||In XII Plan 19 schemes techno-economically cleared by GFCC and works on all the under progress|
|Flood protection works on Kosi and Gandak projects.||Recommendations for taking up flood management works on river Kosi and right bank of river Gandak made by Kosi High Level Committee (KHLC) and Gandak High Level Standing Committee (GHLSC) respectively every year after inspection of sites. Both Committee KHLC & GHLSC meeting held in November, 2014.|
National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee
(Autonomous society established in 1979)
|Research and Development||· Development of Science|
· Science for Society
· Science for Decision Makers
· Science For Industry And Stakeholders
|Measurement of injected radio-tracer (Gold-198) activity using NaI scintillation detector to locate leakage from Kaushalya reservoir near Panchkula, HaryanaCollection of sediment core for determining the sedimentation rate from Sukhna Lake, Chandigarh|
|International Collaborative Research||· Saph Pani – Enhancement of Natural Water Systems and Treatment methods for Safe and Sustainable Water Supply in India (European Union)|
|Review of Groundwater Resources in the IndoGangetic Basin: A Case Study on Resilience of Groundwater in the Punjab to Withdrawal and Environmental Change (British Geological Survey, UK)||Union Minister, Sushri Uma Bharti inaugurating the International conference on “Natural Treatment Systems for safe and Sustainable Water Supply in India: Results from the “Saph Pani Project” Development of piezometer for water level measurement in over-exploited BistDoab area of Punjab|
|National Collaborative Research||National programme on isotope finger printing of Waters of India (IWIN). (DST, Govt. of India)|
· Stream flow modeling of Bhagirathi river: hydrograph separation approach using isotopic and geochemical techniques (Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Dept of Atomic Energy, Govt of India)
Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee (SSCAC) :
(Established in 1980)
Activities and achievements
|SSCAC is tasked with ensuring efficient, economical and timely execution of Unit-I (Dam & Appurtenant works) and Unit-III (Power Complex) of Sardar Sarovar Project. FUNCTIONS OF SSCAC As decided by the NWDT in its Award of December 1979, and as resolved by the Government of India in its order of 4th September 1980, the SSCAC shall: i) Scrutinize the project estimates prepared for Unit-I and Unit-III works, advise necessary modifications and recommend the estimates for the administrative approval of the concerned Government. ii) Examine and make recommendations on all proposals pertaining to technical features and designs as may be referred to it by any of the party States and where necessary consult experts for the purpose. iii) Examine the requirement of funds for the construction of works and other purposes according to the approved programme and make the necessary recommendation. iv) Examine and, where necessary, recommend specifications for various classes of work. v) Examine and make recommendations on all sub-estimates and contracts, the cost of which exceeds the powers of sanction of the General Manager/Chief Engineers. vi) Review progress reports, both for works and expenditure from the General Manager/Chief Engineers and recommend, where necessary, steps to be taken to expedite the work.||SSP an inter-state project involving four States, implementation of the Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal Award in letter and spirit, 82 meetings of SSCAC and 109 meetings of Permanent Standing Committee of SSCAC held. Physical Progress: The balance works remaining to be carried out are raising of piers, overhead bridge and installation of Radial Gates in the spillway portion of the dam. Recently, permission has been received to carry out Phase-I proposal comprising construction of piers, overhead bridge and installation of gates in open or raised position at SSP. Accordingly, related construction activity has started. Unit-III works except Garudeshwar Weir have been completed. Financial Progress: The financial inputs to the tune of over Rs. forty four thousand crore on Sardar Sarovar Project have been handled by the SSCAC so far and thus effectively achieving the purpose for which it is set up.|
Upper Yamuna River Board :
(Subordinate office established in 1994
|1. Regulation and Supply of water in pursuance of MoU dated 12.05.1994.||Upper Yamuna River Board keeps record of the releases 2.The Quality of return flow monitored 3.Water accounting manual is under preparation. 4. A four monthly water distribution table prepared by UYRB showing shares of each state and circulated to all concerned states 5. A committee has been constituted for joint observations to monitor the releases to states.|
Central Water and Power Research Station :
|The main functions of CWPRS can be summarized as follows:|
· Undertaking applied research in hydraulics and allied disciplines to provide comprehensive R&D inputs for optimizing the designs of river, coastal, water storage and conveyance hydraulic structures.
· Conducting basic and fundamental research for providing innovative and world-class R&D solutions to specific problems.
· Disseminating research findings amongst hydraulic research fraternity by way of publications and training programmes.
· Offering advisory services to various ministries and departments within the sphere of its activities.
· Evolving and updating standards (ISO & BIS) and advising the apex regulatory agencies to ascertain compliance to required stipulations. Major activity of CWPRS is the project specific applied research supported by necessary basic research in three major sectors, viz. water resources, power, and coastal engineering. CWPRS receives references mainly from Central/ State Government Organizations, Public/ Private Sector Agencies/ Organizations/ Undertakings, Port Trusts, Municipal Corporations, etc. The research activities at CWPRS can be grouped into seven major disciplines as listed below:
· River Engineering
· River and Reservoir Systems Modeling
· Reservoir and Appurtenant Structures
· Coastal and Offshore Engineering
· Foundation and Structures
· Applied Earth Sciences
· Instrumentation, Calibration and Testing Facilities. Physical and mathematical model studies coupled with field and laboratory experiments are carried out in the seven major areas of expertise of CWPRS as follows : 1. River Engineering: River Engineering mainly deals with river training and bank protection works, hydraulic design of barrages and bridges, and location and design of water intakes using morphological studies. Field studies for measuring water and sediment discharge in rivers and canals are also conducted. 2. River and Reservoir Systems Modelling: Hydrologic and meteorologic studies are conducted to estimate extreme values of various parameters such as rainfall, temperature and humidity. Flood estimation and forecast, reservoir sedimentation and water quality studies are carried out using mathematical models and field surveys. 3. Reservoir and Appurtenant Structures: Spillways and Energy Dissipators are studied on physical models. Water conductor systems including head race and tail race channels/tunnels and surge shafts are studied on both physical and mathematical models. Studies are carried out on physical models for desilting basins, sedimentation and flushing through reservoirs, sediment exclusion devices. Sedimentation in reservoirs is also assessed through remote sensing. 4. Coastal and Offshore Engineering: This discipline deals with optimization of location, length and alignment of breakwaters, jetties, berths, approach channel, turning circle etc. for development of ports and harbours. Estimation of siltation in harbours, their disposal and sand bypassing, location of sand trap and hot water recirculation studies are carried out using both physical and mathematical models. Suggesting suitable coastal protection measures based on locally available materials is an important activity of the group. 5. Foundation and Structures: Laboratory and field tests are carried out to determine soil, rock and concrete properties. Mathematical modelling as well as experimental studies are conducted for studying the stability and structural safety of dams and appurtenant structures. Field studies are carried out for assessing the health of hydraulic structures and suggesting suitable repairing measures. 6. Applied Earth Sciences: Seismic surveillance of river-valley projects, assessment of site-specific design seismic parameters, controlled blasting studies for civil engineering construction sites, evaluation of quality of concrete and masonry is done by non-destructive methods and estimation of elastic properties for foundation of massive structures for geophysical methods are the main activities of this group. 7. Instrumentation, Calibration and Testing Facilities: Hydraulic Instrumentation is used for data collection on physical hydraulic models. Field data collection is carried out on coastal parameters like water level, velocity, wave-height etc. A Random Sea Wave Generation (RSWG) system is used for wave flumes and basins. Dam instrumentation is provided on prototype. Current meter and flow meter calibration facilities are also available, which are used extensively.
National Projects Construction Corporation Limited :
|Dams, barrages & canals tunnels & underground projects, hydro-electric power projects, thermal power projects, Townships & other residential buildings Institutional buildings, office complexes, roads, bridges & flyovers, industrial structures, surface transport projects, environmental projects, real estate works.||NPCC is earning profit since 2009-10. (ii) Negative networth of Rs.796.94 crore as on 31.3.2009 became positive as Rs.94.21 crore as on 31.3.2014. (iii) Turnover increased from Rs. 310.13 crore in 2004-05 to Rs.1175 crore in 2013-14. (iv) Order book position improved from Rs.1547 crore as on 31.3.2005 to Rs.4795 crore as on 31.3.2014.|
WAPCOS Ltd. :
(Public Sector Undertaking established in 1969)
|Main fields of specialization of the company cover Irrigation and Land Drainage, Flood Control and Land Reclamation, River Management, Dams, Reservoir Engineering and Barrages, Integrated Agriculture Development, Watershed Management, Hydropower and Thermal Power Generation, Power Transmission and Distribution, Rural Electrification, Ground Water Exploration, Minor Irrigation, Water Supply and Sanitation (Rural and Urban), Environmental Engineering including Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Audit, Ports and Harbours and Inland Waterways, Roads & Bridges; Rain Water Harvesting; Ghats Development; Survey & Investigations, System Studies & Information Technology, City Development Plans, Financial Management Systems, Quality Control and Construction Supervision, Roads and Bridges. The company provides concept to commissioning services for developmental projects in India and abroad.||Company’s Operations expanded from 8 Countries to 38 Countries, at present. v Secured “Excellent” Rating with MoU Composite score of 1.0. This is the highest achievable score as per Performance Evaluation criteria of the Department of Public Enterprises, Govt. of India. v Secured “Excellent” Rating on the basis of Compliance with guidelines on “Corporate Governance”. v Paid dividend of Rs. 15 crores in September, 2014 – Highest ever in the history of Company. v Issued Bonus Shares of Rs. 09.00 Crores in September, 2014. Paid-up capital increased 12.5 times in 4 years. v Net-worth of the Company increased to Rs. 257.22 crore. v Gross Income increased to Rs. 920.93 crores. v Profitability increased to Rs. 102.52 crores. v Turnover per Employee reflecting productivity of the company grew to Rs. 145.80 lakh in the recent year.|
Polavaram Project Authority :
(Established in 2014)
- The union Cabinet in its meeting held on 01st may, 2014 approved constitution of Polavaram Project Authority and Governing Body of PPA under Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014 to be funded by Central Government.
- Polavaram Project (also known as India Sagar Polavaram project) in the existing State Andhra Pradesh, is a multi-purpose with an assessed Culturable Command Area of 2.91 lakh hectares and power generation potential of 960 Mega Watt (MW). It also has a provision for supply of 23.44 thousand Million Cubic Feet (TMC) water as delinking water supply to Vishakhapatnam Steel Plant. An inter basin transfer of 80 TMC water annually to Krishna river basin is also envisaged.