- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
1.1. New Flagship scheme of M/o WCD introduced in 2014-15 Budget, formally launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 22nd January, 2015
1.2. Seeks to reverse the trend of rapidly falling Child Sex Ratio(CSR) from the current level of 918 by preventing gender biased sex selective elimination; ensuring survival, protection and education of girl child
1.3. Joint effort of M/o WCD, M/o Health and M/o HRD with M/o WCD as nodal ministry
1.4. Multi-sectoral action in select100 low CSR(Child Sex ratio) districts ,
1.5. The Sectoral interventions under the programme include the following:
- Ministry of WCD: Promote registration of pregnancies in first trimester in Anganwadi Centres (AWCs); Undertake Training of stakeholders; Community Mobilization & Sensitization; Involvement of Gender Champions; Reward & recognition of institutions & frontline workers.
- Ministry of Health & Family Welfare: Monitor implementation of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT)Act, 1994; Increased institutional deliveries; Registration of births; Strengthening PNDT Cells; Setting up Monitoring Committees.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development: Universal enrolment of girls; Decreased drop-out rate; Girl Child friendly standards in schools; Strict implementation of Right to Education (RTE); Construction of Functional Toilets for girls.
1.6. Coordinated delivery of services by different ministries
1.7. Sensitization of communities for moving towards institutionally supported births
1.8. Seeks to reduce Sex Ratio at Birth by 10 basis points per year to achieve overall improvement in CSR over a period of time
1.9. Action at district , block and panchayat levels with a strong advocacy component
1.10. Outlay for current year: Rs 100 cr
1.11. Schemes Guidelines have been formulated and it is being implemented in the identified states
1.12. Scheme has a strong advocacy component
- One Stop Centres for Women
2.1 36 centres to be set up in current year, one per state/UT
2.2 Total outlay of Rs 14 cr for current year (2015-16)
2.3 The centres will offer medical aid, police assistance, legal aid & counselling, psycho-
social counselling, and temporary shelter for women victims of violence
2.4 Will be integrated with Universal Helpline for Women
2.5 Aim to provide immediate support and aid to female victims of violence
- Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014
3.1. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Lok Sabha in August 2014.
3.2. It has following salient features :
- To address the issue of heinous offences committed by children above the age of 16 years, which will act as a deterrent for child offenders committing such crimes and will also protect the rights of victims to justice.
- Bringing in more clarity in the role and procedures of statutory structures such as Child Welfare Committees and Juvenile Justice Boards
iii. Strengthening punitive measures for offences committed against children and including new offences such as corporal punishment; ragging and using children for vending, peddling, carrying , supplying or smuggling any intoxicating liquor, narcotic drug or psychotropic substance
- Streamlining and strengthening measures for adoption including providing statutory status to the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA)
- Making it mandatory for all child care institutions to register and stringent penalty in case of non-compliance.
- Introducing a new scheme for foster care for the first time
- Revamped STEP(Support to Training & Employment Programme for Women) Scheme
4.1. Ongoing scheme of M/o WCD which has been revamped
4.2. STEP Scheme Guidelines have been revised to provide updated skills and knowledge to women of the age group of 16 years and above.
4.3. The assistance under the STEP scheme will be available in any sector (as compared to earlier ten sectors only) for imparting skills related to employability and entrepreneurship, including but not limited to the “Agriculture, Horticulture, Food Processing, Handlooms, Tailoring, Stitching, Embroidery, Zari etc, Handicrafts, Computer& IT enabled services along with soft skills and skills for the work place such as spoken English, Gems &Jewellery, Travel & Tourism, Hospitality”.
4.4. Aims to provide skills that give employability to women and providing competencies and skills that enable women to become self-employed / entrepreneurs
4.5. Scheme Outlay for current year (2015-16) is Rs 30cr
- Revamped Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK)
5.1. Ongoing scheme of M/o WCD which has been revamped
5.2. A committee of eminent bankers constituted during August 2014 to study the role played by RMK and the existing legal framework for upscaling its activities in the field of microfinance
5.3. Based on its recommendations, Governing Board of RMK has decided the following:-
- Credit to individual applicants may also be provided besides the SHGs, directly or through partners of RMK.
- Instead of directly funding IMOs, it would be ideal for RMK to engage with select 10-15 Institutions.
- Need based Skill training may also be provided
5.4. The scheme seeks to empower poor women through skill training and micro financing
- Standard Operating Procedures to be implemented by Railways
6.1. Path-breaking initiative to ensure care and protection of such children in contact with railways.
6.2. M/o WCD and M/Railways have framed Special Operating Procedures (SOPs) to be implemented by Railways for runaway, abandoned, kidnapped, trafficked children via medium of railways.
6.3. The railway stations will have NGOs/Child Help Groups working with them who will work for restoration of children to their parents/guardians or their rehabilitation in absence of the former.
6.4. These stations will also help Child Help Desk/kiosk/Booths with a telephone facility to call child helpline 1098.
6.5. SoPs will be accompanied by awareness generation programme by M/o WCD in form of signages/posters, announcements and video spots at railways stations and coaches.
6.6. 20 railway stations have already started implementing these SOPs
6.7. The aim of of SoPs is to Rehabilitate, rescue, restore those children who runway/abandoned/trafficked through medium of railways . It is expected to Reduce number of missing children drastically
- Proposed Amendments to National Commission of Women Act, 1990
7.1. The National Commission for Women Act, 1990 is proposed to be amended to give it more teeth.
7.2. Under the revised Act, the NCW Commission will now have powers of a Civil Court
7.3. Proceedings before it will be deemed to be Judicial proceedings
7.4. Commission to have more powers to summon, impose fine and carry out investigations in crimes against women
7.5. Services of a police officer of rank of IG to carry out investigations
7.6. It aims to reduce crimes against women
- Rajya and Zilla Samman Awards for Women
8.1. One woman from each district will be given Zilla Samman Award
8.2. One woman at state level will be given Rajya Samman
8.3. Awards were instituted in June, 2014 by the new government
8.4. To recognize contribution of women at grassroots level towards women’s issues and field work
8.5. The award scheme is already implemented
8.6. 13 Rajya Mahila Samman and 126 Zila Mahila Samman given on International Women’s Day: 8th March, 2015.
8.7. Rs.18,20,000/- given away as Award money
8.8. Aim of awards is to incentivize the activities undertaken by women at the grassroots level in the direction of community development and nation building. This will also boost their morale and that of the others in the community to aspire to be like them and contribute to strengthening women in the community.
- National Bal Swachhta Mission
9.1. It is a part of the nationwide sanitation drive ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ launched by the Prime Minister on 2nd October, 2014.
9.2. The nationwide Bal Swachhta Mission has the following six themes:-
1) Clean Anganwadis
2) Clean Surroundings e.g. Playgrounds,
3) Clean Self (Personal Hygiene/Child Health)
4) Clean Food
5) Clean Drinking Water
6) Clean Toilets
9.3. It is a part of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme.
9.4. Being Implemented on a continuous basis
9.5. To promote habit of cleanliness among children and hygiene in surroundings
- Other Initiatives:
10.1. Home Ministry has carried forwardthe initiative taken by WCD Ministry to give 33% reservation to women in police force by implementing it in UTs and writing to states to implement the initiative
10.2. WCD Ministry has written to various Chambers of Commerce ensure formation of Internal Complaint Committees in all organisations to deal with cases of sexual harassment of women at workplace
10.3. WCD Ministry has requested DOPT to monitor working of ICCs in government organisations , which has already been taken up by DOPT
10.4. Meeting with representatives of online marriage portals to ensure safety measures for women on these portals
- WCD Ministry & Social Media
Ministry of Women & Child Development on Social media sites as below: